6-4 “Work and Careers”

Module 6, Unit 4

“Work and Careers”

Base Sentences – (769-810)

796 I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Labor.

796 私は連邦政府の従業員だ。私は、労働省のために働く。

797 What kind of work do you do? Are you a salesman?

797 あなたは、仕事のどのようなをしていますか?あなたはセールスマンですか?

798 As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a bank teller.

798 できるだけ早く私は私のトレーニングを完了するように、私は銀行の出納係になるつもりです。

799 John has built up his own business. He owns a hotel.

799 ジョンは、彼自身のビジネスを築いてきました。彼はホテルを所有しています。

800 What do you want to be when you grow up? Have you decided yet?

800 大きくなったら何になりたいのですか?あなたは、まだ決めていますか?

801 I like painting, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

801 私は絵が好きですが、私はそれが私の人生の仕事にはなりたくない。

802 Have you ever thought about a career in the medical profession?

802 あなたは今までに、医療専門職のキャリアについて考えたことがありますか?

803 My uncle was a pilot with the airlines. He just retired.

803 私の叔父は、航空会社とパイロットだった。彼は引退した。

804 My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of major.

804 弟は軍隊にだ。彼はただ、主要のランクに昇格した。

805 I have a good-paying job with excellent hours.

805 У私は優秀な時間との良好な賃金の仕事をしている。

806 My sister worked as a secretary before she got married.

806 彼女は結婚前に私の妹は秘書として働いていた。

807 George’s father is an attorney. He has his own practice.

807 ジョージの父親は弁護士である。彼は自分の練習を持っています。

808 He always takes pride in his work. He’s very efficient.

808 彼はいつも自分の仕事に誇りを持っています。彼は非常に効率的です。

809 Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as governor.

809 スミス氏は政治家である。彼が知事として選挙に立候補している。

810 After a successful career in business, he was appointed ambassador.

810 ビジネスで成功したキャリアの後、彼は大使に任命された。

Verb Study

1. work (worked, works, working)

(A) I work for the Department of Labor. (B) I’ve worked here for more than fifteen years. (C) My sister works for the airlines. She’s a secretary. (D) I’m working late tonight.(A)私は、労働省のために働く。 (B)私は15年以上のためにここで働いてきた。 (C)私の妹は航空会社のために働く。彼女は秘書だ。 (D)私は今夜遅くに働いています。

2. complete (completed, completes, completing)

(A) When I complete my training, I’m going to be a bank teller. (B) Betty Cole completed her work late last night. (C) If he completes his training, he’s going to be a doctor. (D) I’m completing my training this month.(A)私は私のトレーニングを完了したとき、私は銀行の出納係になるつもりです。 (B)ベティ·コールは、昨夜遅く彼女の仕事を完了した。彼は彼の訓練を完了した場合は(C)、彼は医者になるだろう。 (D)私は今月私のトレーニングを完了しています。

3. build (built, building) up

(A) John has built up his own business. He owns a hotel. (B) He has a successful business. He built it up himself. (C) You have to work hard to build up your own business. (D) He was successful in building up his own business.(A)ジョンは、彼自身のビジネスを築いてきました。彼はホテルを所有しています。 (B)彼はビジネスの成功を持っています。彼は自分自身をそれを作り上げました。 (C)あなたはあなた自身のビジネスを構築するために努力しなければならない。 (D)彼は自分のビジネスを構築することに成功した。

4. retire (retired, retires)

(A) My uncle was a pilot with the airlines. He just retired last month. (B) Are you going to retire this year? (C) When he retires, he’s going to Florida. (D) My father retired last year after working for 35 years.(A)私の叔父は、航空会社とパイロットだった。彼は先月引退した。 (B)は、今年引退するつもりですか? (C)は、彼が引退するとき、彼はフロリダに起こっている。 (D)私の父は35年間勤務した後、昨年引退した。

5. be (was, is, being, been) promoted

(A) My brother was just promoted to the rank of lieutenant. (B) When he’s promoted again, he’ll be a captain. (C) John is being promoted to the rank of major this month. (D) Mr. Jones has been promoted. He’s now the office manager.(A)は、兄だけ中尉のランクに昇進した。 (B)彼は再び昇格だとき、彼はキャプテンになるでしょう。 (C)ジョンは、主要今月のランクに昇格されています。 (D)はジョーンズ氏が進められている。彼は今、オフィスマネージャーです。

6. run (running, ran, runs) for

(A) Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as governor. (B) You ran for election as governor in 1958, didn’t you? (C) If he runs for election, he’ll be elected governor. (D) If you had run for election, I’m sure you would have won. (A)は、スミス氏は政治家である。彼が知事として選挙に立候補している。 (B)あなたは、あなたは、1958年に知事としての選挙のためではありませんでした走った?彼は選挙のために実行されている場合は(C)、彼は知事に選出されます。あなたは選挙に立候補していた場合(D)、私はあなたが勝っただろうと確信している。

7. be (was, were, being) appointed

(A) After a successful career in business, he was appointed ambassador. (B) When were you appointed president of the university? (C) If you were to be appointed ambassador, what country would you like to go to? (D) George is being appointed the new ambassador to this country.(A)は、ビジネスで成功したキャリアの後、彼は大使に任命された。 (B)のときには、大学の学長に任命された?あなたは大使に任命されることになっているなら(C)、どの国あなたはに行きたいですか? (D)ジョージは、この国に新しい大使に任命されています。

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Labor .

1b I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Commerce .

1c I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Agriculture .

1d I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of State .

1e I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Justice .

2a What kind of work do you do? Are you a salesman?

2b What kind of work do you do? Are you a truck driver?

2c What kind of work do you do? Are you a bus driver?

2d What kind of work do you do? Are you a department store clerk?

2e What kind of work do you do? Are you a government worker?

3a As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a bank teller.

3b As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a missile expert.

3c As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a pilot.

3d As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a hotel manager.

3e As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a bookkeeper.

4a John has built up his own business. He owns a hotel.

4b John has built up his own business. He has a taxicab company.

4c John has built up his own business. He manages a shoe factory.

4d John has built up his own business. He is a florist.

4e John has built up his own business. He has a barbershop.

4f John has built up his own business. He runs a restaurant.

5a What do you want to be when you grow up ? Have you decided yet?

5b What do you want to be after you’re on your own? Have you decided yet?

5c What do you want to be when you finish your training? Have you decided yet?

5d What do you want to be after you finish school? Have you decided yet?

6a I like painting, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

6b I like working in an office, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

6c I like writing, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

6d I like music, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

6e I like teaching swimming, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

7a Have you ever thought about a career in the medical profession?

7b Have you ever thought about a career in the legal profession?

7c Have you ever thought about a career in electronics?

7d Have you ever thought about a career in medicine?

7e Have you ever thought about a career in the air force?

7f Have you ever thought about a career in the army?

7g Have you ever thought about a career in the navy?

8a My uncle was a pilot with the airlines . He just retired .

8b My uncle was a policeman with the police department. He just retired .

8c My uncle was a fireman with the fire department. He just retired .

8d My uncle was a singer with the opera company. He just retired .

8e My uncle was a conductor with the railroad. He just retired .

9a My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of major.

9b My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of colonel.

9c My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of general.

9d My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of lieutenant.

9e My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of captain.

10a I have a good-paying job with excellent hours .

10b I have a good-paying job with good working conditions.

10c I have a good-paying job with a vacation every year.

10d I have a good-paying job with annual increases in salary.

10e I have a good-paying job with many fringe benefits.

11a My sister worked as a secretary before she got married.

11b My sister worked as an office clerk before she got married.

11c My sister worked as an airline hostess before she got married.

11d My sister worked as a nurse before she got married.

11e My sister worked as a technician before she got married.

11f My sister worked as a salesgirl in a dress shop before she got married.

12a George’s father is an attorney. He has his own practice.

12b George’s father is a dentist. He has his own practice.

12c George’s father is a medical doctor. He has his own practice.

12d George’s father is a criminal lawyer. He has his own practice.

12e George’s father is an engineer. He has his own practice.

13a He always takes pride in his work. He’s very efficient.

13b He always takes pride in his work. He’s very industrious.

13c He always takes pride in his work. He’s very meticulous.

13d He always takes pride in his work. He’s very accurate.

13e He always takes pride in his work. He’s very devoted.

13f He always takes pride in his work. He’s very dedicated.

14a Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as governor.

14b Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as mayor.

14c Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as representative.

14d Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as senator.

14e Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as president.

15a After a successful career in business, he was appointed ambassador.

15b After a successful career in politics, he was appointed ambassador.

15c After a successful career in the army, he was appointed ambassador.

15d After a successful career in the foreign service, he was appointed ambassador.

Reading Practice

Sometimes we say that someone we know is “a square peg in a round hole”. This simply means that the person we are talking about is not suited for the job he is doing. He may be a bookkeeper who really wants to be an actor or a mechanic who likes cooking. 時には、我々は知っている誰かが”丸い穴に四角いくい”であると言う。これは単に私たちが話している人は、彼がやっている仕事に適していないことを意味します。彼は本当に役者や料理が好きな整備士になりたい簿記かもしれません。

Unfortunately, many people in the world are “square pegs”; they are not doing the kind of work they should be doing, for one reason or another. As a result they probably are not doing a very good job and certainly they are not happy. 残念なことに、世界の多くの人々は、”四角いペグ”であり、彼らは、何らかの理由で、彼らがやるべき仕事のようなものを行っていない。その結果、彼らはおそらく非常に良い仕事をしておらず、確かに彼らは幸せではありません。

Choosing the right career is very important. Most of us spend a great part of our lives at our jobs. For that reason we should try to find out what our talents are and how we can use them. We can do this through aptitude tests, interviews with specialists, and study of books in our field of interest. 右のキャリアを選択することが非常に重要です。私たちのほとんどは、私たちの仕事で私たちの生活の大部分を費やしています。そのため我々は我々の才能は、我々はそれらを使用する方法であり、何かを見つけるようにしてください。私たちは、適性検査、専門家へのインタビュー、そして興味のある我々の分野での本の研究を通じてこれを行うことができます。

There are many careers open to each of us. Perhaps we like science. Then we might prepare ourselves to be chemists, physicists, or biologists. Maybe our interests take us into the business world and such work as accounting, personnel management or public relations. 私たちひとりひとりに開放多くのキャリアがあります。おそらく、我々は科学が好きです。その後、我々は化学者、物理学者、生物学者になるか、自分自身を準備することがあります。たぶん、私たちの関心は、ビジネスの世界や会計、人事管理や広報などの仕事に私たちを取る。

Many persons find their place in government service. Teaching, newspaper work, medicine, engineering—these and many other fields offer fascinating careers to persons with talent and training. 多くの人は、政府のサービスで自分の場所を見つける。教育、新聞の仕事、医学、工学、これらおよび他の多くの分野の才能と訓練を受けた人に魅力的なキャリアを提供しています。

Questions

1. Why is it important to find the right career?

2. Name three ways that we can find the right career.

3. What are some of the careers found in the scientific world?

4. What do we mean by “square peg in a round hole”?

5. Do you know anyone who is not happy in his work? Is he a “square peg in a round hole”?

Word List

accurate

air force

airline

ambassador

army

attorney

bank teller

bookkeeper

career

company

conductor

criminal

dedicated

devoted

driver

efficient

expert

expert

factory

federal

fireman

florist

fringe-benefits

general

good-paying

increase

industrious

legal

lieutenant

major

meticulous

missile

navy

painting

pilot

politician

politics

practice

rank

representative

salesgirl

secretary

service

shop

taxicab

technician

worker

U.S. GOVERNMENT OFFICES

Department of Agriculture

Department of Commerce

Department of Justice

Department of Labor

Department of State

VERB FORMS

appoint

build up

manage

promote

retire

EXPRESSIONS

run a business

run for election

take pride (in)

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