6-3 “Schools and Education”

Module 6, Unit 3
“Schools and Education”

Base Sentences – (781-795)

781 Children enter school at the age of five, don’t they?
781 子どもたちは、彼らが、5歳の時に学校にいない入力?

782 In elementary school, the child learns to read and write.
782 小学校では、子供は読み書きを学ぶ。

783 In secondary school, children get more advanced knowledge.
783 中等学校では、子どもたちは、より高度な知識を得る。

784 In universities, students train to become teachers and engineers.
784 大学では、学生は、教師やエンジニアになるために訓練する。

785 He went to grade school in New York and high school in Chicago.
785 彼は、ニューヨークとシカゴの高校で小学校に行ってきました。

786 In college I majored in science. What was your major?
786 大学では、私は科学を専攻。あなたの主要なは何でしたか?

787 My sister graduated from high school. Graduation was last night.
787 私の妹は高校を卒業しました。卒業式は最後の夜だった。

788 I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Bachelor of Arts, degree.
788 私は、エール大学の卒業生だ。私は芸術、学士号を持っている。

789 If you expect to enter the university, you should apply now.
789 あなたは大学に入ることを期待する場合は、ここで適用する必要があります。

790 This is my first year of college. I’m a freshman.
790 これは、大学の私の最初の年である。私は一年生です。

791 My uncle is a high school principal.
791 私の叔父は高校の校長である。

792 What kind of grades did you make in college?
792 どんなグレードあなたは大学で行ったのですか?

793 During your first year of college, did you make straight A’s?
793 大学の最初の年の間に、まっすぐです作ったの?

794 My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches economics.
794 兄は教員のメンバーです。彼は経済学を教えている。

795 John has extracurricular activities. He’s on the football team.
795 ジョンは課外活動があります。彼はフットボールチームでだ。

Verb Study

1. enter (enters, entered, entering)

(A) Children enter kindergarten at the age of five don’t they? (B) My daughter enters the first grade this year. (C) John entered the university two years ago. (D) If you had entered college this year, would you be a freshman? (E) Our bus is entering New York city now. (A)子供が5歳の時に幼稚園に入ると、そうではない? (B)私の娘は今年一年生に入る。 (C)ジョンは2年前に大学に入学した。 (D)あなたが今年大学に入っていた場合は、新入生のでしょうか? (E)私たちのバスは現在、ニューヨークの街に入っている。

2. learn (learns, learned, learning) to

(A) In elementary school, the pupil learns to read and write. (B) What did you learn to do today? (C) Last year they learned to ride a bicycle. (D) I’m learning to speak a foreign language. (E) Didn’t you ever learn to drive a car? (A)は、小学校では、瞳孔が読み書きを学ぶ。 (B)あなたは何を今日やって学びましたか? (C)は昨年、彼らは自転車に乗ることを学んだ。 (D)私は外国語を話すことを学んでいる。 (E)あなたは今まで車を運転することを学ぶしませんでした?

3. read (reads, read), write (writes, writing)

(A) In elementary school, children learn to read and write, don’t they? (B) That little boy reads and writes very well for his age. (C) The students have already read the questions. Now they’re writing their answers. (D) I read my mail and then wrote some letters. (A)は、小学校では、子どもたちは、彼らが、読み取りと書き込みをしないでください学ぶ? (B)あの小さな男の子が読み込み、彼の年齢のために非常によく書き込みます。 (C)学生が既に質問を読んだ。今、彼らは彼らの答えを書いている。 (D)私は私のメールを読んで、その後いくつかの手紙を書いた。

4. train (trained), teach (teaches, taught, teaching)

(A) In colleges, students train to become doctors and engineers. (B) He’s been trained as a teacher. (C) My brother teaches economics. (D) He has taught on the faculty for nearly twenty years. (E) Mr. Cooper is teaching French. English is taught by Mr. Jones. (A)大学では、学生は医者やエンジニアになるために訓練する。 (B)彼は教師として訓練を受けています。 (C)私の兄は経済学を教えている。 (D)彼は、ほぼ20年間の教員に教えてくれました。 (E)氏クーパーはフランス語を教えています。英語はジョーンズ氏によって教示されている。

5. major (majored, majoring, majors) in

(A) In college I majored in science. What was your major? (B) I’m majoring in music. (C) When my father was in college, he majored in economics. (D) If she majors in French, I’m sure she’ll become a teacher. (A)大学では、私は科学を専攻。あなたの主要なは何でしたか? (B)私は音楽を専攻しています。 (C)私の父は大学にいたとき、彼は経済学を専攻。フランス語で、彼女はメジャー、私は確信している場合は(D)彼女は教師になるだろう。

6. graduate (graduated, graduates, graduating) from

(A) My sister graduated from high school, and then went to college. (B) I’m going to graduate from college next year. (C) As soon as he graduates, he’s going to get a job. (D) Isn’t John graduating from college in June? (A)私の妹は高校を卒業してから、大学に行ってきました。 (B)私は来年大学を卒業するつもりです。 (C)のようにすぐに彼は卒業生として、彼は仕事を得るために起こっている。 (D)は6月の大学からジョンの卒業はありませんか?

7. expect (expecting, expected) to

(A) If you expect to enter college in the fall, you should apply now. (B) Are you expecting to get good grades this year? (C) I expected my brother to go to college, but he didn’t. (D) If you had expected to enter college, you should have registered. (A)あなたは秋に大学に入ることを期待する場合は、ここで適用する必要があります。 (B)あなたは、今年良い成績を得ることを期待していますか? (C)私は私の弟が大学に行くことが期待が、彼はしませんでした。あなたが大学に入ると予想していた場合(D)、あなたが登録している必要があります。

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a Children enter school at the age of five, don’t they?

1b Children enter kindergarten at the age of five, don’t they?

1c Children enter grade school at the age of five, don’t they?

1d Children enter elementary school at the age of five, don’t they?

1e Children enter the first grade at the age of five, don’t they?

1f Children enter pre-school classes at the age of five, don’t they?

1g Children enter nursery school at the age of five, don’t they?

2a In elementary school, the child learns to read and write.

2b In elementary school, the child learns to work with numbers.

2c In elementary school, the child learns to study.

3a In secondary school, children get more advanced knowledge.

3b In secondary school, children study mathematics, physics and chemistry.

3c In secondary school, children study history, geography and government.

3d In secondary school, children begin to concentrate on special interests.

4a In universities, students train to become teachers and engineers.

4b In universities, students train to become lawyers and dentists.

4c In universities, students train to become doctors and nurses.

5a He went to grade school in New York and high school in Chicago.

5b He went to grade school in New York and vocational school in Chicago.

5c He went to grade school in New York and an electronics school in Chicago.

5d He went to grade school in New York and a trade school in Chicago.

5e He went to grade school in New York and a private academy in Chicago.

6a In college I majored in science. What was your major?

6b In college I majored in math. What was your major?

6c In college I majored in physics. What was your major?

6d In college I majored in languages. What was your major?

6e In college I majored in history. What was your major?

6f In college I majored in economics. What was your major?

6h In college I majored in philosophy. What was your major?

7a My sister graduated from high school.

Graduation was last night.

7b My sister graduated from college.

Commencement was last night.

7c My sister graduated from a private school.

The ceremony was last night.

8a I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Bachelor of Arts degree.

8b I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a B.A. degree.

8c I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Bachelor of Science degree.

8d I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Master of Arts degree.

8e I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have an M.S. degree.

8f I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

8h I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Ph.D. degree.

9a Do you have a high school diploma?

9b Do you have a special diploma?

9c Do you have special credentials?

9d Do you have a college degree?

9e Do you have an honorary degree?

10a If you expect to enter the university, you should apply now.

10b If you expect to enter the university, you should register now.

10c If you expect to enter the university, you should make an application now.

10d If you expect to enter the university, you should go to the registrar’s office now.

10e If you expect to enter the university, you should enroll now.

11a This is my first year of college. I’m a freshman.

11b This is my second year of college. I’m a sophomore.

11c This is my third year of college. I’m a junior.

11d This is my fourth year of college. I’m a senior.

11e This is my third year of college. I’m an upperclassman.

11f This is my second year of college. I’m a lowerclassman.

12a My uncle is a high school principle. Do you know him?

12b My uncle is an elementary school head. Do you know him?

12c My uncle is a college president. Do you know him?

12d My uncle is a university dean. Do you know him?

12e My uncle is a gradulate lecturer. Do you know him?

12f My uncle is a faculty professor. Do you know him?

13a What kind of grades did you make in college?

13b What kind of grades did you make during your early school years?

13c What kind of grades did you make through high school?

13d What kind of grades did you make in your junior high school years?

14a During your first year of college, did you make straight A’s?

14b During your first year of college, did you make a B average?

14c During your first year of college, did you make many C’s?

14d During your first year of college, did you make the honor roll?

14e During your first year of college, did you make good grades?

14f During your first year of college, did you make poor grades?

15a My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches economics.

15b My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches psychology.

15c My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches pathology.

15d My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches computer mathematics.

15e My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches civil engineering.

15f My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches electrical engineering.

16a John has extracurricular activities. He’s on the football team.

16b John has extracurricular activities. He’s president of his class.

16c John has extracurricular activities. He’s in the school band.

16d John has extracurricular activities. He’s editor of the school paper.

16e John has extracurricular activities. He’s active in sports.

Reading Practice

Life in the twentieth century demands preparation. Today, all individuals in a country must have adequate schooling to prepare them for their work as well as for their responsibilities as citizens. 二十世紀の生活は、準備が求められています。今日では、国のすべての個人は、市民としての責任のためだけでなく、自分の仕事のためにそれらを準備するために十分な教育を持っている必要があります。

With this in mind, national leaders everywhere are placing more emphasis on the education of the young. In the United States, government officials, parents, and teachers are working hard to give the children—tomorrow’s decision makers—the best preparation available. このことを念頭に置いて、どこでも全国の指導者たちは、若いの教育に重点を置いている。米国では、政府関係者、親、教師、子ども、明日の意思決定者、最高の準備利用を与えるように努力している。

There is no national school policy in the United States. Each of the fifty states makes its own rules and regulations for its schools, but there are many similarities among the fifty school systems. 米国には国民学校の方針はありません。 50州のそれぞれは、その学校のための独自の規則や規制になりますが、50の学校システム間の多くの類似点があります。

Public schools in all states are supported by taxes paid by the citizens of the individual state. In most states the children are required to attend school until they reach the age of sixteen. すべての州の公立学校は、個々の状態の市民が支払った税金でサポートされています。ほとんどの州では、子どもたちは、彼らが16歳に到達するまで学校に通うことが要求される。

When they become six years old, children begin elementary school. After six years in elementary school, they go into junior high school and remain there for three years. 彼らは6歳になると、子供たちが小学校を開始します。小学校6年後、彼らは中学校に入り、3年間そこに残っている。

The last three years of their public school education are spent in senior high school, from which they graduate at the age of eighteen. 彼らの公立学校教育の最後の3年間は、そこから、彼らは18歳で卒業、高校で過ごしています。

A great number of high school graduates continue their education in one of the many colleges or universities in the country. 高校の卒業生の多くは国の多くのカレッジや大学のいずれかで彼らの教育を継続。

After four years, they receive a bachelor’s degree. Some continue studying for a master’s degree and perhaps a doctor’s degree.四年後、彼らは学士号を受け取る。一部は修士号と、おそらく医師の学位のために勉強を続けています。

Questions

1. At what age does a child in the United States enter elementary school?
2. Are public schools in the United States free to the students? Why?
3. How long does the law require that a student go to school in most states?
4. At what age do most students graduate from high school?
5. Why is education so important today?

Word List

academy アカデミー
active アクティブ
activity 活動
average 平均
band バンド
chemistry 化学
civil engineering 土木工学
college 大学
commencement 開始

computer mathematics
credentials
dean
degree
diploma
early
economics
editor
electrical engineering
electronics
elementary school
extracurricular
faculty
football
freshman
grade
grade school
graduate
graduation
high school
honorary
honor roll
interests
junior
junior high school
kindergarten
knowledge
lecturer
lowerclassman
major
math
member
nursery school
paper
pathology
philosophy
physics
poor
pre-school
principal
psychology
registrar
science
secondary school
senior
sophomore
special
sports
trade school
upperclassman
vocational school

VERB FORMS

concentrate
enter
graduate (from)
major (in)
register
teach, taught (p. and p. part.)
train

UNIVERSITY DEGREES

B.A. = Bachelor of Arts
B.S. = Bachelor of Science
M.A. = Master of Arts
M.S. = Master of Science
Ph.D. = Doctor of Philosophy

Expressions

make grades
make straight A’s

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