6-2 “Geography and Land Features”

Module 6, Unit 2

“Geography and Land Features”

Base Sentences – (766-780)

766 Geographically, this country is located in the southern hemisphere.

766 地理的に、この国は南半球に位置しています。

767 It’s a beautiful country with many large lakes.

767 それは多くの大きな湖の美しい国です。

768 This part of the country is very mountainous.

768 国のこの部分は非常に山がある。

769 The land in this region is dry and parched.

769 この地域の土地は乾燥して乾いたです。

770 Along the northern coast there are many high cliffs.

770 北部の海岸沿いに多くの高い崖があります。

771 There are forests here, and lumbering is important.

771 そこに林がここにあり、製材が重要である。

772 The scenery is beautiful near the Pacific Ocean.

772 景色は太平洋の近くに美しいです。

773 This mountain range has many high peaks and deep canyons.

773 この山脈は、多くの高ピークと深い峡谷があります。

774 What kind of climate do you have? Is it mild?

774 あなたは、気候はどのようなものを持っていますか?それは軽度のか?

775 How far is it from the shore of the Atlantic to the mountains?

775 それは山に大西洋の海岸からどのくらいの距離ですか?

776 Is the coastal plain good for farming?

776 農業のための良い海岸平野はありますか?

777 What’s the longest river in the United States?

777 米国で最も長い川は何ですか?

778 Are most of the lakes located in the north central region?

778 北中部地方に位置し、湖のほとんどはいますか?

779 As you travel westward, does the land get higher?

779 あなたは西へ移動したように、土地は高くなるのでしょうか?

780 The weather is warm and sunny here. Do you get much rain?

780 天気はここで暖かく、晴れです。あなたは多くの雨を得るのですか?

Verb Study

1. be (is, was, are) located in

(A) Geographically, this country is located in the southern hemisphere. (B) Wasn’t that company located in New York in 1953? (C) Our new cultural center will be located here. (D) In the 17th century, where was the capital located? (E) Most of the lakes are located in the north central region.(A)は地理的に、この国は南半球に位置しています。 (B)1953年にニューヨークにあり、その会社ではなかった? (C)当社の新しい文化の中心はここに配置されます。 (D)は17世紀では、資本金はどこに位置していた? (E)の湖のほとんどは、北中部地域に位置しています。

2. travel (traveled, travels, traveling)

(A) As you travel westward, does the land get higher? (B) Last year I traveled to the Far East. (C) She travels from New York to Washington about once a week. (D) Do you like to travel? (E) He enjoys traveling, but I prefer to stay home. (F) How far did you travel last year?(A)は西方旅行として、土地は高くなるのでしょうか? (B)は、昨年私が極東を訪れた。 (C)彼女は週に一回程度、ニューヨークからワシントンに移動。あなた(D)旅行するのが好きですか? (E)彼は旅行楽しんでますが、私は家に滞在することを好む。 (F)あなたは去年どのくらい遠くまで旅行しましたか?

3. get (getting, gets, got, gotten)

(A) After traveling all summer, I was glad to get home. (B) As we travel westward, you will notice that the land is getting higher. (C) I don’t think it really gets higher; it just seems higher. (D) Did you get lost in the mountains? (E) We got a lot of rain last year, but we haven’t gotten much rain this year. (F) Had I gotten over my illness in time, I would have gone on the trip with you. (G) Had we gotten tickets earlier, we would have gone by plane.(A)すべての夏を旅した後、私は家に帰ることが嬉しかったです。我々は西へ移動(B)としては、土地が高くなっていることに気づくでしょう。 (C)私はそれが本当に高くなるとは思わない、それだけで高いと思われる。 (D)は、山で迷子にしましたか? (E)我々は昨年の雨の多くを得たが、我々は今年ずっと雨をもらっていない。 (F)私は時間に私の病気を乗り越えて、私はあなたと一緒に旅行に行っているでしょうしていた。 (G)我々は、以前のチケットを得ていた、我々は飛行機で行っているだろう。

4. farm (farming)

(A) Is the coastal plain good for farming? (B) It’s good for farming, but farming isn’t the most important industry around here. (C) If the people don’t farm this land, what do they do with it? (D) Most of the area is used for raising cattle, but some of the people farm their land.(A)は、農業のための良い海岸平野はありますか? (B)それは農業のために良いことだが、農業はこの辺りで最も重要な産業ではありません。人々はこの土地を耕作しない場合(C)、彼らはそれで何を行うのですか? (D)の領域のほとんどは牛を上げるために使われますが、人々の何人かは、自分たちの土地を耕作されています。

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a Geographically, this country is located in the southern hemisphere.

1b Geographically, this country is located in the northern hemisphere.

1c Geographically, this country is located on the continent of Europe.

1d Geographically, this country is located on the continent of Africa.

1e Geographically, this country is located on the continent of Asia.

2a It’s a beautiful country with many large lakes.

2b It’s a beautiful country with several chains of mountains.

2c It’s a beautiful country with many large rivers.

2d It’s a beautiful country with forests, mountains and desert.

2e It’s a beautiful country with scenic mountain areas.

3a This part of the country is very mountainous.

3b This part of the country is very hilly.

3c This part of the country is very flat.

3d This part of the country is very stony.

3e This part of the country is very heavily populated.

4a The land in this region is dry and parched.

4b The land in this region is arid.

4c The land in this region is semi-arid.

4d The land in this region is fertile farmland.

5a Along the northern coast there are many high-cliffs.

5b Along the northern coast there are many deep harbors.

5c Along the northern coast there are many ports.

5d Along the northern coast there are many good harbors and port cities.

5e Along the northern coast there are many forests.

6a There are forests here and lumbering is important.

6b There are oil wells here and petroleum is important.

6c There are streams here and fishing is important.

7a The scenery is beautiful near the Pacific Ocean.

7b The scenery is gorgeous near the Pacific Ocean.

7c The scenery is spectacular near the Pacific Ocean.

7d The scenery is breath-taking near the Pacific Ocean.

7e The scenery is unbelievably beautiful near the Pacific Ocean.

8a This mountain range has many high peaks and deep canyons.

8b This mountain range has many high peaks and swift rivers.

8c This mountain range has many high peaks and fertile valleys.

9a What kind of climate do you have? Is it mild?

9b What kind of climate do you have? Is it tropical?

9c What kind of climate do you have? Is it warm and dry?

9d What kind of climate do you have? Is it cold and humid?

9e What kind of climate do you have? Is it severe?

9f What kind of climate do you have? Is it moist?

10a How far is it from the shore of the Atlantic to the mountains?

10b How far is it from the mountain range to the open plains?

10c How far is it from the high plateau area to the fertile farmland?

10d How far is it from the cool forests to the hot desert areas?

10e How far is it from the coastline to the foothills?

11a Is the coastal plain good for farming?

11b Is the coastal plain good for raising cattle?

11c Is the coastal plain good for growing crops?

11d Is the coastal plain good for oil prospecting?

11e Is the coastal plain good for urban development?

12a What’s the longest river in the United States?

12b What’s the highest mountain in the United States?

12c What’s the coldest region in the United States?

12d What’s the hottest area in the United States?

12e What’s the largest industrial center in the United States?

13a Are most of the lakes located in the north central region?

13b Are most of the lakes located in the northeastern region?

13c Are most of the lakes located in the northwestern region?

13d Are most of the lakes located in the south central region?

13e Are most of the lakes located in the southwestern region?

13f Are most of the lakes located in the southeastern region?

14a As you travel westward does the land get higher?

14b As you travel eastward does the land get drier?

14c As you travel northward does the land get more fertile?

14d As you travel southward does the land get less fertile?

15a The weather is warm and sunny here. Do you get much rain?

15b The weather is warm and sunny here. Do you suffer from the heat?

15c The weather is warm and sunny here. Do you live in comfort the whole year?

15d The weather is warm and sunny here. Do you get much cold weather?

15e The weather is warm and sunny here. Do you get any snowfall at all?

Reading Practice

The geographical location of a country and its physical characteristics are very important to its development and progress. The United States is very fortunate in this respect. 国の地理的位置とその物理的特性は、その開発と進歩にとって非常に重要である。米国はこの点で非常に幸運です。

First of all, it has a good climate. In almost all sections of the country it is possible to live comfortably during the whole year. It is true that in the south it sometimes gets very hot, and in the north very cold. But the people who live in these regions become accustomed to the climate and never suffer very much when the weather is either very hot or very cold. まず第一に、それは、良好な気候を有する。国のほぼすべてのセクションでは、全体の年の間に快適に生活することが可能です。それは南に、それは時には非常に熱く、そして北の非常に寒くなることは事実である。しかし、これらの地域に住む人々は、気候に慣れと天気はどちら非常に高温または非常に寒いときに非常に苦しむことがないようになる。

In a large country there is usually a great variety of different physical characteristics. In the United States, there are wide plains and high mountains, thousands of lakes and rivers of all sizes, cool forests and hot deserts, and a coastline several thousand miles long. 大きな国では、異なる物理的特性の多種多様は通常あります。米国では、広い平野と高い山、湖の数千、あらゆる規模、涼しい森林や暑い砂漠、そして数千マイルの長い海岸線の川があります。

The many lakes and rivers, as well as the long coastline, have been of great importance to the development of the country, since they made possible the easy transportation of people and all the things people need. Transportation by water is still necessary and important. 彼らは可能な人々と人々が必要とするすべてのものを簡単に輸送して以来、多くの湖や川だけでなく、長い海岸線では、国の発展にとって非常に重要であった。水による輸送は依然として必要かつ重要である。

In modern times, however, trains, automobiles, trucks and airplanes are doing much of the work which was formerly done by ships and boats. 現代では、しかし、列車、自動車、トラックや飛行機はずっと以前は船やボートによって行われた仕事のをしている。

Questions

1. In what respect is the United States very fortunate?

2. What can you say about the climate in the United States?

3. What kind of climate do you have in your country?

4. What are the principal physical characteristics of the United States? Of your country?

5. Why are rivers and lakes important?

6. Are there many rivers and lakes in your country? Does your country have a coastline?

7 What is used for transportation in modern times?

Word List

arid

breath-taking

canyon

cattle

cliff

coastal

coastline

comfort

continent

crop

deep

desert

eastward

farmland

fertile

fishing

foothills

forest

gorgeous

harbor

heavily

hemisphere

high

hilly

humid

less

lumbering

moist

mountainous

mountain range

northeastern

northern

northward

northwestern

ocean

oil prospecting

oil well

parched

peak

plain

plateau

populated

port

rain

scenery

scenic

semi-arid

severe

shore

snowfall

southeastern

southern

southward

southwestern

spectacular

stony

stream

swift

tropical

urban

valley

westward

Verb Forms

farm

grow

raise

suffer

Expressions

be located

chain of mountains

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