6-10 “Music and Literature”

Module 6, Unit 10

“Music and Literature”

Base Sentences – (886-900)

886 What’s your favorite kind of music? Do you like jazz?

886 あなたが一番好きな音楽の種類は何ですか?あなたはジャズが好きですか?

887 He’s a composer of serious music. I like his music a lot.

887 彼は深刻な音楽の作曲家だ。私は彼の音楽をたくさん好きです。

888 We went to a concert last night to hear the symphony orchestra.

888 私たちは、オーケストラを聞くために昨夜のコンサートに行ってきました。

889 My brother took lessons on the trumpet for nearly ten years.

889 私の弟は、ほぼ10年間のトランペットでのレッスンを取った。

890 You play the piano beautifully. How much do you practice every day?

890 あなたは、美しくピアノを弾く。どのくらいあなたは毎日練習するのですか?

891 I’ve never heard that piece before. Who wrote it?

891 私は、その部分の前に聞いたことがない。誰がそれを書いたの?

892 Have you ever thought about becoming a professional musician?

892 あなたは今までプロのミュージシャンになることについて考えたことがありますか?

893 Who is the author of this novel? 893 この小説の作者は誰ですか?

894 I’ve never read a more stirring story.

894 私はより多くの攪拌物語を読むことがありません。

895 Who would you name as the greatest poet of our times?

895 あなたは私たちの時代の最も偉大な詩人として、誰が名前を付けるでしょうか?

896 This poetry is realistic. I don’t care for it very much.

896 この詩は、現実的である。私は非常にそれを気にしない。

897 Many great writers were not appreciated fully while they were alive.

897 彼らは生きていた間に多くの偉大な作家は完全に理解されませんでした。.

898 This is a poem about frontier life in the United States.

898 これは、米国におけるフロンティア生命についての詩です.

899 This writer uses vivid descriptions in his writings.

899 このライターは、彼の著作の中で鮮やかな記述を使用しています。

900 How much do you know about the works of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow?

900 ヘンリー·ワーズワース·ロングフェローの作品について、あなたはどのくらい知っていますか?

Verb Study

1. practice (practices, practiced)

(a) You play the piano beautifully. How much do you practice every day? あなたは、美しくピアノを弾く。どのくらいあなたは毎日練習するのですか?(b) My brother practices his violin an hour a day. 弟は時間一日彼のバイオリンを練習。(c) He practiced two hours yesterday. 彼は昨日2時間練習した。(d) If you want to be a professional musician, you must practice every day. あなたがプロのミュージシャンになりたい場合は、毎日練習しなければなりません。

2. name (named)

(a) Who would you name as the greatest writer of our times? あなたは私たちの時代の最も偉大な作家として誰に名前を付けるでしょうか?(b) They named him ambassador last week. 彼らは先週彼に大使の名前。

(c) I wonder who they will name as the poet of the year. 私は、彼らが今年の詩人として名前は誰だろうか。

(d) What did they name the baby?らは赤ん坊を何に名前を付けたのですか?

3. care for

(A) This poetry is very realistic. I don’t care for it very much. (B) I read the novel last night, but I didn’t care for it at all. (C) Do you care for this kind of music? Personally, I don’t like jazz. (A)この詩は、非常に現実的である。私は非常にそれを気にしない。 (B)私は昨夜の小説を読んでいるが、私は全くそれを気にしませんでした。 (C)は、この種の音楽の世話か?個人的に、私はジャズが好きではありません。

4. appreciate (appreciated), be (were, was) appreciated

(A) Many great writers were not appreciated fully while they were alive. (B) How can I appreciate poetry if I don’t understand it? (C) Do you think his music was appreciated while he was alive? (D) Thank you for helping me. I really appreciate your advice. 彼らは生きていた間に(A)多くの偉大な作家は完全に理解されませんでした。私はそれを理解していない場合、(B)はどのように詩を鑑賞することができますか?彼が生きていた間(C)あなたは彼の音楽が高く評価されたと思いますか? (D)は私を助けていただきありがとうございます。私はあなたのアドバイスを本当に感謝しています。

5. use (uses)

(A) This writer uses vivid descriptions in his writings. (B) I’d like to use the piano when you’re finished practicing. (C) I didn’t use your book. I have my own book. (D) You have to use your own judgment. I can’t make this decision for you. (A)このライターは、彼の著作の中で鮮やかな記述を使用しています。 (B)私はあなたが練習を終了したら、ピアノを使用したいと思います。 (C)私はあなたの本を使用しませんでした。私は自分の本を持っている。 (D)あなたはあなた自身の判断を使用する必要があります。私はあなたのためにこの決定を行うことはできません。

6. accept (accepted)

(A) Many people don’t accept modern music because they don’t understand it. (B) I can’t accept your advice in this matter. This is something I must decide on my own. (C) I haven’t accepted his suggestion yet. I’m still considering it. 彼らはそれを理解していないので、(A)多くの人々は現代音楽を受け入れない。 (B)私がこの問題であなたのアドバイスを受け入れることができません。これは私が自分自身で決定する必要がありますものです。 (C)私はまだ彼の提案を受け入れていない。私はまだそれを検討している。

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a What’s your favorite kind of music? Do you like jazz ?

1b What’s your favorite kind of music? Do you like popular music?

1c What’s your favorite kind of music? Do you like classical music?

1d What’s your favorite kind of music? Do you like folk songs?

1e What’s your favorite kind of music? Do you like blues?

2a He’s a composer of serious music. I like his music a lot.

2b He’s a composer of popular songs. I like his music a lot.

2c He’s a composer of church hymns. I like his music a lot.

2d He’s a composer of sacred music. I like his music a lot.

2e He’s a composer of folk ballads. I like his music a lot.

3a We went to a concert last night to hear the symphony orchestra.

3b We went to a concert last night to hear the U.S. Navy band.

3c We went to a concert last night to hear a famous violinist.

3d We went to a concert last night to hear a well-known pianist.

4a My brother took lessons on the trumpet for nearly ten years.

4b My brother took lessons on the flute for nearly ten years.

4c My brother took lessons on the clarinet for nearly ten years.

4d My brother took lessons on the trombone for nearly ten years.

4e My brother took lessons on the saxophone for nearly ten years.

4f My brother took lessons on the cello for nearly ten years.

4g My brother took lessons on the drums for nearly ten years.

5a You play the piano beautifully. How much do you practice every day?

5b You play the organ beautifully. How much do you practice every day?

5c You play the violin beautifully. How much do you practice every day?

5d You play the harp beautifully. How much do you practice every day?

5e You play the guitar beautifully. How much do you practice every day?

6a I’ve never heard that piece before. Who wrote it?

6b I’ve never heard that composition before. Who wrote it?

6c I’ve never heard that song before. Who wrote it?

6d I’ve never heard that music before. Who wrote it?

6e I’ve never heard that melody before. Who wrote it?

6f I’ve never heard that concerto before. Who wrote it?

7a Have you ever thought of becoming a professional musician?

7b Have you ever thought of playing for an orchestra?

7c Have you ever thought of joining a dance band?

7d Have you ever thought of playing in a string quartet?

7e Have you ever thought of giving a recital?

8a Who is the author of this novel?

8b Who is the author of this mystery story?

8c Who is the author of this biography?

8d Who is the author of this short story?

8e Who is the author of this play?

8f Who is the author of this essay?

9a I’ve never read a more stirring story.

9b I’ve never read a more exciting story.

9c I’ve never read a more stimulating story.

9d I’ve never read a more thrilling story.

9e I’ve never read a more fascinating story.

10a Who would you name as the greatest poet of our times?

10b Who would you name as the greatest writer of our times?

10c Who would you name as the greatest novelist of our times?

10d Who would you name as the greatest playwright of our times?

11a This poetry is realistic . I don’t care for it very much.

11b This poetry is unrealistic. I don’t care for it very much.

11c This poetry is impressionistic. I don’t care for it very much.

11d This poetry is sentimental. I don’t care for it very much.

11e This poetry is romantic. I don’t care for it very much.

12a Many great writers were not appreciated fully while they were alive.

12b Many great writers were not understood fully while they were alive.

12c Many great writers were not accepted fully while they were alive.

13a This is a poem about frontier life in the United States.

13b This is a poem about pioneer days in the United States.

13c This is a poem about rural customs in the United States.

13d This is a poem about city life in the United States.

14a This writer uses vivid descriptions in his writings.

14b This writer uses a lot of humor in his writings.

14c This writer uses many metaphors in his writings.

14e This writer uses imagination and artistry in his writings.

15a How much do you know about the works of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow ?

15b How much do you know about the works of great literary figures ?

15c How much do you know about the works of contemporary writers ?

Reading Practice

Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens) 1835-1910

No author in American literature is better known or more loved than Samuel Langhorne Clemens. Born in Missouri in 1835, he grew up on the banks of the Mississippi River and later adopted the pen name of “Mark Twain” from the call of the boatmen on the Mississippi as they measured the depth of the river. アメリカ文学には著者が良く知られていない以上サミュエルラングホーンクレメンスよりも愛されています。 1835年にミズーリ州で生まれ、彼はミシシッピ川のほとりに育った彼らは、川の深さを測定して後でミシシッピで船頭の呼び出しから、 “マーク·トウェイン”のペンネームを採用しました。

The river environment inspired the two novels which brought him his greatest fame: Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. Another book, Life on the Mississippi, told of his adventures on the riverboats of that period. トム·ソーヤーとハックルベリー·フィン:河川環境は彼に彼の最大の名声をもたらした2小説に影響を与えた。別の本、ミシシッピ州での生活は、その期間の舟に彼の冒険を語った。

It was during the Civil War that Mark Twain’s life as a writer started. At that time he was working as a newspaper man in Nevada and California. His short story, “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County,” was an immediate success and his new career began. それは作家としてのマーク·トウェインの生活が開始された南北戦争の間にあった。その時彼はネバダ州とカリフォルニア州の新聞人として働いていた。彼の短編小説は、”カラベラス郡の有名なジャンピングカエルは、”即時の成功だったと彼の新しいキャリアが始まった。

In 1870, Mark Twain married Olivia Langdon. He had fallen in love with her picture even before he met her. According to his biographers, his wife had a great influence on Twain’s later books. 1870年、マーク·トウェインはオリビアラングドンと結婚した。彼は彼女に会っても前に、彼は彼女の写真と恋に落ちていた。彼の伝記によると、彼の妻は、トウェインの後で帳簿に大きな影響を持っていた。

Mark Twain was also a very successful lecturer. His travels around the country giving talks on variety of subjects helped make him famous and increased the sale of his books. マーク·トウェインはまた、非常に成功した講師であった。さまざまなテーマに関する協議を与える全国彼の旅行は彼を有名にさせてくれたし、彼の本の販売を増加させた。

Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn are considered Twain’s best works. They are marked by humor and satire and provide his readers with an excellent picture of his era. His last book was completed in 1909, one year before his death. He was then 74 years old. トム·ソーヤーとハックルベリー·フィンは、トウェインの最高の作品と考えられている。彼らはユーモアと風刺でマークと彼の時代の優れた画像と彼の読者に提供しています。彼の最後の本は、彼の死の1年前、1909年に完成しました。それから彼は74歳だった.

Questions

1. Where did Mark Twain grow up? He grew up on the banks of the Mississippi River.

2. What was his real name? His real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens.

3. Name three of Mark Twain’s writings. Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn, and The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County

4. How did Mark Twain fall in love with his wife? He fell in love with her picture.

5. Besides writing, what else did Mark Twain do? He travelled around the country giving lectures and talks on a variety of subjects.

6. What two books are considered Twain’s best works? Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn.

WORD LIST

artistry 芸術性 The artistry of his music is very much appreciated in Japan.

author 筆者 American authors are very popular in Asian countries.

ballad バラード Joan Baez is greatly appreciated for her anti-war folk ballads.

beautifully 美しく You play the violin beautifully.

biography 伝記 Do you enjoy reading the biographies of famous writers?

blues ブルース Famous blues musicians include:

cello チェロ Yo-Yo Ma plays the cello beautifully. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yo-Yo_Ma

classical クラシカル Classical music is still popular.

composer 作曲家 Can you name a famous German composer?

composition 構図 This composition is by Mozart.

concert コンサート My uncle is a concert pianist.

concerto コンチェルト How many piano concertos did Beethoven compose? Do you know?

contemporary 現代の Contemporary literature writers like Hemingway were pioneers.

custom カスタム What is the custom in your country?

drum ドラム Karen Carpenter began her music career by playing the drums.

essay エッセイ was a famous American essay writer.

fascinating 魅惑的な I find the works of Ray Bradbury to be facinating.

figure 把握 Heminway was a great figure in modern American literature.

flute フルート I would like to learn to play the flute. Can you give me lessons?

folk フォーク Do you like to listen to folk music?

frontier フロンティア Little House on the Prarie is a book about a family living on the American frontier.

fully 完全に Most people cannot fully appreciate the music of Igor Stravinsky.

great すばらしい, greater 大きい, greatest 最大 Carlos Montoya is great, is greater but Andre Segovia is the greatest.

guitar ギター I think Andre Segovia was the greatest guitarist of all time.

harp ハープ My sister has a harp and practices every day.

humor ユーモア There is absolutely no humor in the writing of Ernest Hemingway.

hymn 賛美歌 I like to listen to the old church hymns of years gone by.

imagination 想像力 The music of George Gershwin stirs the imagination.

impressionistic 印象主義の George Gershwin’s compositions are quite impressionistic.

jazz ジャズ Jazz music was born in American from Afro-American musicians.

literary 文学の Joseph Conrad was the greatest literary figure of his day.

melody メロディー Do you recognize the melody of this piece?

metaphor メタファー His poems have many metaphors.

musician ミュージシャン Do you want to be a musician when you grow up?

novelist 小説家 Ernest Hemingway and John Steinbeck were famous American novelists.

orchestra オーケストラ The Los Angeles Symphony Orchestra is supported by.

pianist ピアニスト Van Clibern is a famous pianist.

piece 作品 This piece is difficult to understand.

pioneer パイオニア Igor Stravinsky was a pioneer in modernist music.

playwright 劇作家 Frank Lloyd Webber is a famous American playwright.

poet 詩人 Robert Frost was an American poet of great fame.

poetry The poetry of Walt Whitman is quite complex.

popular 人気のある Popular music is the music of the common people.

quartet カルテット A quartet is a band of four musicians.

realistic 現実的な John Steinbeck’s novels are quite realistic.

romantic ロマンチック I think “Midsummer Night’s Dream” is a romantic classical piece.

rural 農村 Many composers were influenced by the rural setting.

sacred 神聖 The music of Johann Sebastian Bach is considered sacred.

saxophone サクソフォン What former American president plays the saxophone? Do you know?

sentimental 感傷的な Do you think Hemingway’s writings were sentimental?

short story ショートストーリー Ray Bradbury is known for his short stories.

song Karen Carpenter is most well-know for her composition “Sing a Song”.

stimulating 刺激する Do you find this kind of music stimulating?

stirring 攪拌 The compositions of Wagner are very stirring.

string

symphony

thrilling

trombone

unrealistic

violinist

vivid

well-known

works

VERB FORMS

join

name

practice

EXPRESSIONS

be alive 生きている Unfortunately, John Steinbeck is no longer alive to write any more books.

give a recital リサイタルを開く My sister and I had to give a piano recital at a church in our town.

take lessons 授業を受ける My sister and I took piano lessons when we were quite young.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s