6-1 “Countries and Nationalities”

Module 6, Unit 1

“Countries and Nationalities”

Base Sentences – (751-765)

751 What’s your nationality? Are you American?

751 あなたの国籍は何ですか?あなたはアメリカ人ですか?

752 What part of the world do you come from?

752 あなたは、世界のどの部分をから来るのですか?

753 I’m an American by birth.

753 私は生まれはアメリカ人だ。

754 I was born in Spain, but I’m a citizen of France.

754 私はスペインで生まれたが、私はフランスの市民だた。

755 Do you know what the population of Japan is?

755 あなたは、日本の人口が何であるか知っていますか?

756 What’s the area of the Congo in square miles?

756 平方マイルでコンゴの面積は何ですか?

757 Who is the governor of this state?

757 この状態の知事は誰ですか?

758 According to the latest census, our population has increased.

758 最新の国勢調査によると、我々の人口が増加している。

759 Politically, the country is divided into fifty states.

759 政治的に、国は50の州に分かれています。

760 The industrial area is centered largely in the north.

760 工業地域は、主に北部の中央に配置されます。

761 The country is rich in natural resources. It has mineral deposits.

761 国は天然資源が豊富である。これは、鉱床を持っています。

762 This nation is noted for its economic stability.

762 この国は、その経済の安定のために注目される。

763 How old do you have to be to vote in the national elections?

763 あなたは何歳国政選挙で投票することでなければならないのですか?

764 Today we celebrate our day of independence. It’s a national holiday.

764 今日、私たちは独立の私たちの一日を祝う。それは国民の祝日だ。

765 My home is in the capital. It’s a cosmopolitan city.

765 私の家は首都である。それは国際的な都市です。

Verb Study

1. come (comes, came) from 

(A) What part of the world do you come from? (B) She comes from England, doesn’t she? (C) He came from East Africa, didn’t he? (A)は、世界のどの部分からあなたに来るのですか? (B)彼女は、イギリスからしない来ますか? (C)彼は、東アフリカからなかった来ましたの?

2. be (was, were) born

(A) I was born in Spain, but I’m a citizen of France. (B) He’s a native American. He was born in the United States. (C) Where were you born? A)私はスペインで生まれ、私はフランスの市民だました。 (B)は、彼はネイティブアメリカンです。彼はアメリカで生まれました。 (C)どこに生まれましたか?

3. increase => increased, increasing, increases

(A) According to the latest census, our population has increased. (B) In some cities, the population increases each year. (C) Will the population increase very much during the next ten years? (A) 最新の国勢調査によると、私たちの人口が増加しています。 (B) いくつかの都市で、人口は毎年増加します。 (C) 人口は今後10年の間に非常に増加するだろうか?

4. be divided (into) => is/are divided into, was/were divided into

(A) Politically, the country is divided into fifty states. (B) The United States is now divided into fifty states. (C) The people were divided in their opinions about the issue. (A)政治的に、国は50の州に分かれています。 (B)は、米国について50の状態に分割されます。 (C)の人々は、問題についての彼らの意見に分かれました。

5. be centered => is/are centered, was/were centered (in/around)

(A) The industrial area is centered largely in the north. (B) According to the new plans, the cultural area will be centered around this section of the city. (C) Isn’t the agricultural area centered in the south? A)の工業地域は、北部の大部分が中央に配置されます。新しい計画によると、(B)は、文化的なエリアは、市内のこの部分を中心にされます。 (C)南部を中心に農業エリアはありませんか?

6. be noted (for) =

(A) This nation is noted for its economic stability. (B) Wasn’t he noted for his conservative views? (C) That country has always been noted for its natural resources. Aこの国は、その経済の安定のために注目されます。 (B)は、彼は彼の保守的な見解のために注意されませんでしたか? (C)その国は常にその自然資源のために注目されています。

7. vote => voted, voting, votes (in/for)

(A) How old do you have to be to vote in the national elections? (B) Helen is voting in the elections for the first time this year. (C) You voted in the last national elections, didn’t you? (D) How did you vote? Did you vote for or against Mr. Smith? A)何歳あなたは国政選挙で投票することがありますか? (B)ヘレンは、今年初めての選挙で投票されます。 (C)あなたは、最後の国政選挙ではなかった投票しましたか? (D)はどのように投票しましたか?あなたがまたはスミス氏に反対票を投じるましたか??

8. celebrate => celebrated, celebrating, celebrates

(A) Today we celebrate our day of independence. (B) What is it we’re celebrating tonight? (C) Last week Mr. and Mrs. Cooper celebrated their wedding anniversary. (D) She celebrates her birthday in September.A)今日は独立性の私達の日を祝います。 (B)、それは私たちが今夜祝っているは何がありますか? (C)先週夫妻クーパーは、彼らの結婚記念日を祝いました。 (D)は、彼女は9月の彼女の誕生日を祝います。

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a What’s your nationality? Are you American ?

1b What’s your nationality? Are you Spanish ?

1c What’s your nationality? Are you French ?

1d What’s your nationality? Are you Congolese ?

1e What’s your nationality? Are you Japanese ?

2a What part of the world do you come from?

2b What geographical area of the world do you come from?

2c What place in the world do you come from?

2d What kind of climate do you come from?

3a I’m an American by birth . What’s your nationality?

3b I’m a naturalized American . What’s your nationality?

3c I’m a native Australian . What’s your nationality?

4a I was born in Spain, but I’m a citizen of France .

4b I was born in Spain, but I grew up in South America .

4c I was born in Spain, but my father was from Korea .

4d I was born in Spain, but I don’t have Spanish citizenship .

4e I was born in Spain, but I have retained Burmese citizenship .

5a Do you know what the population of Japan is?

5b Do you know what the population of the U.S. is?

5c Do you know what the population of the Philippines is?

5d Do you know what the population of Indonesia is?

5e Do you know what the population of Thailand is?

6a What’s the area of the Congo in square miles ?

6b What’s the area of the Congo in square meters ?

6c What’s the area of the Congo in hectares ?

6d What’s the area of the Congo in acres of land ?

7a Who’s the governor of this state ?

7b Who’s the head of this government ?

7c Who’s the mayor of this city ?

7d Who’s the president of this republic ?

7e Who’s the chief of state of this nation ?

7f Who’s the leader of this political party ?

8a According to the latest census, our population has increased .

8b According to the latest census, our population has decreased .

8c According to the latest census, our population has remained the same .

8d According to the latest census, our population has declined .

9a Politically , the country is divided into fifty states .

9b Geographically , the country is divided into ten regions .

9c Culturally , the country is divided into two sections .

9d Industrially ,the country is divided into three major areas .

10a The industrial area is centered largely in the north.

10b The agricultural region is centered largely in the north.

10c The farm area is centered largely in the north.

10d The petroleum region is centered largely in the north.

10e The mining area is centered largely in the north.

11a The country is rich in natural resources. It has mineral deposits .

11b The country is rich in natural resources. It has iron ore .

11c The country is rich in natural resources. It has petroleum .

11d The country is rich in natural resources. It has timber reserves .

11e The country is rich in natural resources. It has water resources .

12a This nation is noted for its economic stability .

12b This nation is noted for its political stability .

12c This nation is noted for its economic development .

12d This nation is noted for its scientific accomplishments .

12e This nation is noted for its advanced technology .

12f This nation is noted for its natural resources .

12g This nation is noted for its indigenous music .

13a How old do you have to be to vote in the national elections ?

13b How old do you have to be to become president of the country ?

13c How old do you have to be to become a senator ?

13d How old do you have to be to be the president of a university ?

13e How old do you have to be to drive a car ?

14a Today we celebrate our day of Independence . It’s a national holiday.

14b Today we celebrate Independence Day . It’s a national holiday.

14c Today we celebrate Christmas . It’s a national holiday.

14d Today we celebrate Thanksgiving . It’s a national holiday.

14e Today we celebrate our nations’s birth . It’s a national holiday.

15a My home is in the capital. It’s a cosmopolitan city .

15b My home is in the capital. It’s an industrial center .

15c My home is in the capital. It’s a large metropolitan area .

15d My home is in the capital. It’s a small provincial town .

15e My home is in the capital. It’s quite an interesting place .

15f My home is in the capital. It’s an historic city .

Reading Practice

The United States covers a large part of the North American continent. Its neighbors are Canada to the north, and Mexico to the south. Although the United States is a big country, it is not the largest in the world. In 1964, its population was over 185,000,000. 米国は、北米大陸の大部分をカバーしています。その隣人は南に北にカナダ、メキシコである。米国は大きな国ですが、それは世界最大ではありません。 1964年には、人口は1.85億を超えていた。

When this land first became a nation, after winning its independence from England, it had thirteen states. Each of the states was represented on the American flag by a star. All these states were in the eastern part of the continent. この土地は最初にイギリスからの独立を獲得した後、国になったとき、それは13の状態を持っていた。各状態は、星によってアメリカの国旗で表現された。これらのすべての状態は、大陸の東部にあった。

As the nation grew toward the west, new states were added and new stars appeared on the flag. For a long time, there were 48 states. In 1959, however, two more stars were added to the flag, representing, the new states of Alaska and Hawaii. 国家が西に向かって成長したように、新しい状態が追加され、新たな星がフラグに登場した。長い時間のために、48の州がありました。 1959年、しかし、さらに2つの星は、アラスカとハワイの新たな状態を表す、フラグに追加されました。

Indians were the first inhabitants of the land which is now the United States. There are still many thousands of the descendants of these original inhabitants living in all parts of the country. Sometimes it is said that the Indians are “the only real Americans.” インド人は現在、米国である土地の最初の住民だった。国のすべての部分に住んでいる、これらの元の住民の子孫の多くは何千人も残っています。時にはそれはインド人であると言われて、 “唯一の本当のアメリカ人。”

Most Americans, however, are descendants of people who came from all over the world to find a new life in a new land. ほとんどのアメリカ人は、しかし、新しい土地で新しい生活を見つけるために、世界中から来た人々の子孫です。

Those who came first and in greatest numbers to make their homes on the eastern coast of North America were mostly from England. 北米の東海岸に自分の家を作るために最初かつ最高の数字来た人は、イギリスから主にしました。

It is for that reason that the language of the United States is English and that its culture and customs are more like those of England than of any other country in the world. これは、米国の言語が英語であることの理由とその文化や習慣をより世界のどの国のよりもイングランドのものと同様であるということです。

Questions

1. What countries are neighbors of the United States?

2. How many states were there at the beginning? How many are there now?

3. How are the states represented on the American flag?

4. Who were the first inhabitants of America?

5. Why are the customs and culture of the United States more like those of England than of any other country?

Word List

accomplishment 達成 This nation is noted for its scientific accomplishments

advanced 高度な

agricultural 農業の Isn’t the agricultural area centered in the south? (Verb Study-5c)

area 坪数 What’s the area of the Congo in square miles?

birth 出産

capital 資本

census 国勢調査 According to the latest census, our population has increased.

center センター

citizen 市民 I was born in Spain, but I’m a citizen of France.

citizenship 市民権

climate 気候

cosmopolitan コスモポリタン

culturally 文化

deposit 預金

economic 経済の

election 選挙

geographical 地理的な

geographically 地理的に

governor 知事 Who is the governor of this state?

government 政府

hectare ヘクタール

historic 歴史的

independence 独立

indigenous 土着

industrial インダストリアル

industrially 工業的に

iron 鉄

its

largely 主として

late 遅い

later 後で

latest 最新

leader リーダー

mayor 市長

meter メートル

metropolitan メトロポリタン

mineral ミネラル

mining 鉱業nation 国家

national 国民

nationality 国籍 What’s your nationality? Are you American?

natural

The county is rich in natural resources. It has mineral deposits.

naturalized

ore

petroleum

political

politically

political party

population

Do you know what the population of Japan is?

president

provincial

region

republic

reserve

resource

rich

scientific

section

senator

stability

(762) This nation is noted for its economic stability.

technology

timber

Verb Forms

celebrate

Today we celebrate our day of independence.

It’s a national holiday.

center (in)

The industrial area is centered largely in the north.

decline

decrease

divide

Politically, the country is divided into fifty states.

increase

remain

retain

vote

Expressions

be noted (for)

noted () adj. He is a noted author. This town is noted for its beautiful temple.

chief of state

head of government

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