5-8 “Giving Advice and Asking Opinions”

Module 5, Unit 8

“Giving Advice and Asking Opinions”

Base Sentences – (706-720)

706 If you want my advice, I don’t think you should go.

706 あなたが私のアドバイスをしたい場合、私はあなたが行くべきとは思わない。

707 I suggest that you tear up the letter and start over again.

707 私はあなたの手紙を引き裂く、もう一度やり直すことを示唆している。

708 It’s only a suggestion, and you can do what you please.

707 それだけの提案だし、あなたがしてください何を行うことができます。

709 Let me give you a little fatherly advice.

709 私はあなたに少し父親らしいアドバイスを挙げてみましょう。

710 If you don’t like it, I wish you would say so.

710 あなたがそれを好きではない場合、私はあなたがそう言うことを望む

711 Please don’t take offense. I only wanted to tell you what I think.

711 してくださいは、犯罪を取ることはありません。私は私が思うことを教えたかった。

712 In my opinion, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

711 私の考えでは、家は、彼らが求めている価格の価値はありません。

713 My feeling is that you ought to stay home tonight.

713 私の気持ちは、あなたが今晩家にとどまるべきであるということです。

714 It’s none of my business, but I think you ought to work harder.

714 それは私のビジネスのどれも、私はあなたが懸命に働くべきだと思います。

715 In general, my reaction is favorable.

715 一般的には、私の反応は良好である。

716 If you don’t take my advice, you’ll be sorry.

716 あなたが私のアドバイスを取らない場合は、申し訳ありませんでしょう。

717 I’ve always tried not to interfere in your affairs.

717 私はいつもあなたの問題に干渉しないようにしようとしました。

718 I’m old enough to make up my own mind.

718 私は自分の心を補うために十分な年齢だ。

719 Thanks for the advice, but this is something I have to figure out myself.

719 アドバイスのおかげで、これは私が自分自身を把握しなければならないものです。

720 He won’t pay attention to anybody. You’re just wasting your breath.

720 彼は誰にも注意を払うことはありません。あなたは自分の息を無駄にしています。

VERB STUDY

1. suggest (suggests, suggested) = 示唆する

(A) She suggests that we go out for dinner tonight. (B) Who suggested that we go to the movies? (C) I didn’t want to suggest it, but it’s a good idea.(A)彼女は、我々は今夜夕食に出かけることを示唆している。 (B)は、誰が私たちは映画を見に行くことを示唆?(C)私はそれを示唆したくなかったが、それは良いアイデアです。

2. tear (tore, torn) up = 引き裂く

(A) I suggest you tear up the letter. (B) I listened to your suggestion and tore up the letter. (C) If I hadn’t torn up the letter, you could have read it. (A)私はあなたの手紙を引き裂くことをお勧めします。 (B)私はあなたの提案に耳を傾け、手紙を引き裂いた。私は手紙を破れなかった場合は(C)、あなたはそれを読む可能性があります。

3. start (started, starting) over

(A) I suggest that you tear up the letter and start over again. (B) We tore up the letter and started over again. (C) They’re starting over again today. Maybe they’ll do it right this time.(A)私はあなたの手紙を引き裂く、もう一度やり直すことを示唆している。 (B)私たちは、手紙を引き裂いて、もう一度やり直す。 (C)彼らは今日も上に開始している。おそらく彼らは、右のこの時間は、それをやる。

4. take (takes, taken) offense

(A) Please don’t take offense. I only wanted to tell you what I think. (B) She takes offense easily, so watch what you say. (C) I’ve never taken offense at anything you’ve said.(A)犯罪を服用しないでください。私は私が思うことを教えたかった。 (B)彼女は簡単に犯罪を取るので、あなたの言うことを見る。 (C)私はあなたが言ってきたもので犯罪を行ったことがない。

5. interfere (interfering, interferes) in, with

(A) I’ve tried not to interfere in your affairs. (B) Are you interfering in my affairs? (C) We didn’t want to interfere with your work. (D) She never interferes with my work.(A)私はあなたの問題に干渉しないようにしようとしました。 (B)あなたは私の問題に干渉している? (C)私たちは、あなたの仕事に干渉したくなかった。 (D)彼女は私の仕事に干渉することはありません。

6. figure (figured, figuring) out

(A) This is something I have to figure out myself. (B) We figured it out ourselves. We didn’t need help. (C) I’m figuring out how much money I have in the bank.(A)これは私が自分自身を把握しなければならないものです。 (B)私たちは、自分自身外それを考え出した。我々は助けを必要としなかった。 (C)私は銀行に持っているどのくらいのお金を考え出すんだ。

7. pay (pays, paid, paying) attention to

(A) He won’t pay attention to anybody. (B) She pays attention to him, but she never pays attention to me. (C) We paid attention to everything he said. (D) I’m paying close attention to what you say.(A)彼は誰にも注意を払うことはありません。 (B)彼女は彼に注目したが、彼女は私に注意を払ったことがない。 (C)私たちは、彼が言ったすべてのものに注意を払った。 (D)私はあなたの言うことに細心の注意を払っています。

8. waste (wasting) breath 

(A) You’re just wasting your breath. He isn’t paying attention to you. (B) He was wasting his breath on her. She wasn’t listening to him. (C) I’ve been wasting my breath all these years. You never listen.(A)あなたは自分の息を無駄にしています。彼はあなたに注意を払っていない。 (B)彼は彼女に彼の息を無駄にしました。彼女は彼に聞いていませんでした。 (C)私はこれらすべての年私の息を無駄にしてきた。あなたが耳を傾けることはありません。

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a If you want my advice, I don’t think you should go.

1b If you’re interested in my advice, I don’t think you should go.

1c If you care for my advice, I don’t think you should go.

2a I suggest that you tear up the letter and start over again.

2b I suggest that you tear up the letter and begin again.

2c I suggest that you tear up the letter and start from the beginning again.

2d I suggest that you tear up the letter and do it all over again.

3a It’s only a suggestion, and you can do what you please.

3b It’s only a suggestion, and you can do what you want to.

4a Let me give you a little fatherly advice.

4b Let me give you a little friendly advice.

4c Let me give you a little simple advice.

4d Let me give you a little motherly advice.

5a If you don’t like it, I wish you would say so.

5b If you don’t agree with me, I wish you would say so.

5c If you don’t appreciate my helping you, I wish you would say so.

6a Please don’t take offense. I only wanted to tell you what I think.

6b Please don’t get upset. I only wanted to tell you what I think.

6c Please don’t get mad. I only wanted to tell you what I think.

6d Please don’t be offended. I only wanted to tell you what I think.

6e Please don’t take it that way. I only wanted to tell you what I think.

7a In my opinion, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

7b Unless I’m wrong, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

7c Unless I’m mistaken, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

7d Unless I miss my guess, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

7e As I see it, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

7f As far as I can tell, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

7g As far as I’m concerned, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

8a My feeling is that you ought to stay home tonight.

8b My feeling is that you would be well advised to stay home tonight.

8c My feeling is that you should stay home tonight.

8d My feeling is that you had better stay home tonight.

9a It’s none of my business, but I think you ought to work harder.

9b It’s not my affair, but I think you ought to work harder.

9c I have nothing to do with it, but I think you ought to work harder.

9d I don’t have any say in the matter, but I think you ought to work harder.

9e It’s not my responsibility, but I think you ought to work harder.

10a In general, my reaction is favorable.

10b In general, my reaction is negative.

10c In general, my reaction is not entirely negative.

10d In general, my reaction is not very favorable.

10e In general, my reaction is that we ought to wait and see.

10f In general, my reaction is that we should proceed cautiously.

11a If you don’t take my advice, you’ll be sorry.

11b If you don’t take my advice, you’ll regret it later.

11c If you don’t take my advice, you’ll find out for yourself.

12a I’ve always tried not to interfere in your affairs.

12b I’ve always tried not to interfere in your business.

12c I’ve always tried not to interfere in your private affairs.

12d I’ve always tried not to interfere in your problems.

13a I’m old enough to make up my own mind.

13b I’m big enough to make up my own mind.

13c I’m grown up enough to make up my own mind.

13d I’m mature enough to make up my own mind.

13e I’m smart enough to make up my own mind.

13f I’m intelligent enough to make up my own mind.

14a Thanks for the advice, but this is something I have to figure out myself.

14b Thanks for the advice, but this is something I have to work out myself.

14c Thanks for the advice, but this is something I have to do on my own.

14d Thanks for the advice, but this is something I have to decide alone.

14e Thanks for the advice, but this is something I have to solve by myself.

15a He won’t pay any attention to anybody. You’re just wasting your breath.

15b He won’t pay any attention to anybody. You’re just wasting your money.

15c He won’t pay any attention to anybody. You’re just wasting your time.

15d He won’t pay any attention to anybody. You’re just wasting your energy.

Reading Practice

Dear Ellen,

I just received your letter and I want to let you know my opinion of your plans for the future. I hope you won’t take offense, but will accept what I say here as some fatherly advice.  私はちょうどあなたの手紙を受け取ったと私はあなたが将来のためにあなたの計画の私の考えを知っているように思います。私はあなたが犯罪を取らないことを願ったが、私はいくつかの父親のアドバイスとして、ここで言うことを受け入れます。

I was quite surprised when I read in your letter that you had decided not to finish your studies at the university. I realize that Peter wants you to marry him this summer. But with only one more year to go, you would be well advised to finish. A year is really a short time, and later you will be glad you postponed getting married. 私は大学で勉強を終了しないことを決定したことをあなたの手紙の中で読んだとき、私は非常に驚きました。私はピーターは、この夏彼と結婚したいことを実現します。しかし、行くための唯一の1年で、あなたは十分に完了するのが賢明でしょう。今年は本当に短い時間であり、後であなたが結婚延期喜んでいるでしょう。

As you know, my reaction to Peter was extremely favorable when I met him. He’s an exceptionally fine young man and should be a good husband. But I suggest you complete your education first.  あなたが知っているように私は彼に会ったとき、ピーターへの私の反応は極めて良好であった。彼は、非常に微細な若者だし、良い夫でなければなりません。しかし、私はあなたが最初にあなたの教育を完了することをお勧めします。

You are twenty-one, a grown-up young lady old enough to make up your own mind. This is something you’ll have to work out yourself. As your uncle, I have always tried not to interfere in your affairs and I don’t intend to begin now. あなたが二十から一、あなた自身の心を補うに十分な古い成長した若い女性である。これは、あなたが自分自身をうまくする必要がありますものです。あなたの叔父のように、私はいつもあなたの問題に干渉しないようにしようとしたと私は今開始するつもりはありません。

But, my dear niece, please do consider my words very carefully before you decide. Whatever you do, though, Ellen, you know I only want one thing for you, and that is your happiness. しかし、私の愛する姪は、あなたが決める前に、非常に慎重に私の言葉を検討してください。何をするにしても、しかし、エレンは、私はあなただけの一つのことをしたい知っている、そしてそれはあなたの幸せです。

Affectionately,

Uncle Tim

Questions

1. What was Ellen’s uncle surprised about?

2. How much longer did Ellen have to study to complete her education at the university?

3. What was Ellen’s uncle’s opinion of Peter?

4. What did he advise Ellen to do?

5. What was the one thing that Ellen’s uncle wanted for her?

6. Do you think Ellen should wait or marry Peter this summer?

Conversation

GEORGE: Jack, would you please read this letter of application I’ve just written? I’d like to have your opinion. JACK: I’d be glad to tell you what I think. GEORGE: If you don’t think it’s any good, please say so. I really want to get this job. JACK: It looks fine to me. But I have one suggestion. GEORGE: Good! I’m interested in your advice. JACK: If I were you I’d change the beginning. You should write about your education first. GEORGE: Good idea, Jack. What do you think about the second part? JACK: Now that you’ve asked me, I think it’s too short. You should include much more information about your work experience. GEORGE: You’re right. I’ll change it. How do you feel about the last part of the letter? JACK: Very good. But, unless I miss my guess, you should say something about your family, too. GEORGE: I agree. I appreciate your helping me, Jack. Do you think the end is all right? JACK: Oh, yes, George. But personally I believe a business letter should end with “Very truly yours”, not “Sincerely”. GEORGE: I guess I’d better tear up the letter and start over again. JACK: Oh, don’t do that, George! Just make the few changes I suggested, and your letter will be perfect!

Word List

alone

beginning

breath

cautiously

energy

entirely

fatherly

favorable

intelligent

matter

mature

motherly

responisbility

simple

smart

suggestion คำแนะนำ

unless

VERB FORMS

care (for)

figure out

interfere (in)

please

proceed

regret

solve

start over

tear up, tore up

waste

work out

EXPRESSIONS

as far as I can tell

be concerned

be offended

be well advised

be worth

get mad

get upset

have (any) say in

have (nothing) to do with

in general

miss (one’s) guess

none of (one’s) business

on (one’s) own

take advice

take it

take offense

wait and see

waste (one’s) breath

Supplementary Word List

(Conversation and Reading Practice)

education

happiness

Very truly yours

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