4-4 “Going Shopping”

Module 4, Unit 4

“Going Shopping”

Base Sentences – (496-510)

496 I’m going shopping because I need to buy some clothes.

496 私はいくつかの服を購入する必要があるので、私は買い物に行くよ。

497 If this shirt doesn’t fit, may I bring it back later?

497 このシャツは適合しない場合、私はそれを後で戻すこと?

498 What size shoes do you wear?

498 あなたはどのようなサイズの靴を着用するのですか?

499 That suit looks very good on you.

499 そのスーツはあなたに非常によさそうだ。

500 This dress is made of silk, isn’t it?

500 このドレスは、それがありませんが、絹で作られています?

501 I’d like to try on this sweater.

501 私はこのセーターを試着したいと思います。

502 I’m interested in buying a new car.

502 私は新しい車を買うことに興味があります。

503 What’s the price of that electric iron?

503 その電気アイロンの価格は何ですか?

504 How much is this rug?

504 このラグはどのくらいですか?

505 Is this toothpaste on sale today?

505 販売上のこの歯磨き粉は、今日か?

506 That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but it costs too much.

506 それは、美しい革の財布だが、それはあまりにも多くかかります。

507 How much do I owe you?

507 私はあなたをどのくらい借りているのですか?

508 That will be eighteen dollars and seventy-five cents.

508 それは18ドル七十五セントになります。

509 Do you have change for a twenty-dollar bill?

509 あなたは20ドル札の変更はありますか?

510 The clerk helped me find what I wanted.

510 店員は私が欲しかったものを見つけました。

Verb Study

1. need to (needs to, needed to)

(A) I need to buy some clothes. (B) She needs to buy a new dress. (C) We needed to know what the price of the electric iron was.(A)私はいくつかの服を購入する必要があります。 (B)彼女は新しいドレスを購入する必要があります。 (C)私たちは、電気アイロンの価格は何であったかを知っている必要がありました。

2. fit (fits, fit)

(A) This shirt doesn’t fit me. (B) This dress fits me very well. (C) That suit fit me last year. (D) Will this pair of shoes fit you? (A)このシャツは私に合わない。 (B)このドレスは非常によく私に合う。 (C)そのスーツは、昨年私にフィットします。 (D)の靴のこのペアは、あなたに合うのだろうか?

3. wear (wears, wearing)

(A) What size shoes do, you wear? (B) She wears silk dresses. (C) What are you wearing?(A)サイズの靴は何をすべきか、あなたが着る? (B)彼女はシルクのドレスを身に着けている。 (C)あなたは何を着ていますか?

4. be made (of)

(A) This dress is made of silk, isn’t it? (B) Last year I had a dress that was made of silk. (C) I’m going to buy a wallet made of leather.(A)このドレスは、それは、シルクではありません作られるのですか? (B)は、昨年、私はシルクで作られたドレスを持っていた。 (C)私は革製の財布を購入するつもりです。

5. try on (tried on, trying on)

(A) I’d like to try on this sweater. (B) I tried on a new suit yesterday. (C) She’s trying on the dress now. (D) Would you like to try it on?(A)私はこのセーターを試着したいと思います。 (B)私は昨日、新しいスーツを試着。 (C)彼女は今、ドレスにしようとしている。 (D)あなたはそれを試着しますか?

6. be interested (in)

(A) I’m interested in buying a new car. (B) She’s interested in buying a new sweater. (C) Are you interested in taking a trip to California?(A)私は新しい車を購入に興味がある。 (B)は、彼女が新しいセーターを買うことに興味を持ってだ。 (C)は、カリフォルニア州への旅行を取ることに興味がありますか?

7. cost (costs)

(A) That leather wallet costs too much. (B) I bought a rug that cost forty dollars. (C) How much does this cost?(A)その革の財布はあまりかかります。 (B)私は40ドルを要することがラグを買った。 (C)いくらこれは、コストのか?

8. find (found)

(A) The clerk helped me find what I wanted. (B) I found this book yesterday. (C) Where did you find this beautiful leather wallet?(A)店員は私が欲しかったものを見つけました。 (B)私は昨日、この本を見つけた。 (C)どこでこの美しい革の財布を見つけましたか?

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a I’m going shopping because I need to buy some clothes .

1b I’m going shopping because I need to buy some groceries .

1c I’m going shopping because I need to buy some toilet articles .

1d I’m going shopping because I need to buy some school supplies .

1e I’m going shopping because I need to buy some furniture .

1f I’m going shopping because I need to buy some gifts .

2a If this shirt doesn’t fit, may I bring it back later?

2b If this shirt doesn’t fit, may I exchange it later?

2c If this shirt doesn’t fit, may I return it later?

2d If this shirt doesn’t fit, may I give it back later?

2e If this shirt doesn’t fit, may I get a refund later?

3a What size shoes do you wear?

3b What size socks do you wear?

3c What size stockings do you wear?

3d What size suit do you wear?

3e What size dress do you wear?

3f What size hat do you wear?

3g What size belt do you wear?

4a That suit looks very good on you.

4b That suit looks too big on you.

4c That suit looks too small on you.

4d That suit looks just right on you.

5a This dress is made of silk , isn’t it?

5b This dress is made of wool , isn’t it?

5c This dress is made of cotton , isn’t it?

5d This dress is made of nylon , isn’t it?

6a I’d like to try on this sweater .

6b I’d like to try on this pair of shoes .

6c I’d like to try on this pair of pants .

6d I’d like to try on this overcoat .

6e I’d like to try on this raincoat .

7a I’m interested in buying a new car .

7b I’m interested in buying a used car .

7c I’m interested in buying an old car .

7d I’m interested in buying a secondhand car .

7e I’m interested in buying a station wagon .

7f I’m interested in buying a convertible .

7g I’m interested in buying a four-door sedan .

8a What’s the price of that electric iron ? Do you know?

8b What’s the price of that box of crackers ? Do you know?

8c What’s the price of that can of tomato juice ? Do you know?

8d What’s the price of that jar of pickles ? Do you know?

8e What’s the price of that sack of potatoes ? Do you know?

8f What’s the price of that tube of shaving cream ? Do you know?

9a How much is this rug ? Do you know the price?

9b How much is this material per yard ? Do you know the price?

9c How much is this carpet per square yard ? Do you know the price?

9d How much is this land per acre ? Do you know the price?

9e How much is this gasoline per gallon ? Do you know the price?

9f How much is this meat per pound ? Do you know the price?

10a Is this toothpaste on sale today?

10b Is this shaving cream on sale today?

10c Is this soap on sale today?

10d Is this hair oil on sale today?

10e Is this article on sale today?

10f Is this merchandise on sale today?

11a That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but it costs too much .

11b That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but it’s too expensive .

11c That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but I can’t afford to pay that much .

11d That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but the price is too high .

11e That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but it’s not of very good quality .

11f That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but it’s cheaply made .

12a How much do I owe you ?

12b How much do you want ?

12c How much does that come to ?

12d How much does that add up to ?

12e How much are you going to charge me ?

13a That will be eighteen dollars and seventy-five cents .

13b That will be eighteen dollars even .

13c That will be exactly eighteen dollars .

13d That will be a total of eighteen dollars .

14a Do you have change for a one hundred-dollar bill?

14b Do you have change for a twenty-dollar bill?

14c Do you have change for a five-dollar bill?

14d Do you have change for a ten-dollar bill?

14e Do you have change for a fifty-dollar bill?

15a The clerk helped me find what I wanted.

15b The clerk helped me select what I wanted.

15c The clerk helped me pick out what I wanted.

16a The clerk helped me select what I wanted.

16b The saleslady helped me select what I wanted.

16c The salesman helped me select what I wanted.

16d The store manager helped me select what I wanted.

16e The waiter helped me select what I wanted.

16f The waitress helped me select what I wanted.

Reading Practice

Bob and Don go to the same university. They both needed some new clothes for school and they decided to go shopping together in the new department store. ボブとドンは同じ大学に行く。彼らは両方の学校のためにいくつかの新しい服を必要とし、彼らは新たなデパートで一緒に買い物に行くことにしました。

First, the two friends went to the men’s department to see the suits that were on sale. The salesman helped them find the right size and they each tried on several suits. まず、二人の友人は、販売していたスーツを見て男性の部署に行ってきました。セールスマンは、彼らが適切なサイズを見つけましたし、彼らはそれぞれ、いくつかのスーツを試着。

Bob found a light gray suit right away and he bought it. Don couldn’t make up his mind which one to buy, but he finally selected a blue suit. The boys also bought two pairs of pants, because they were not too expensive. ボブはすぐにライトグレーのスーツを発見し、彼はそれを買った。ドンはどちらを買うべきかを彼の心を構成することができませんでしたが、彼は最終的に青いスーツを選択しました。彼らはあまりにも高価ではなかったので、男の子にも、パンツの2ペアを買った。

Next, they went to the shoe department. The clerk measured their feet and brought each of them several pairs of shoes to try on. It didn’t take them very long to get their shoes. They didn’t really need socks, but these were on sale, too, and they decided to buy several pairs. 次に、彼らは、靴部門に行ってきました。店員は自分の足を測定し、試着して、それぞれの靴のいくつかのペアを持って来た。それは彼らの靴を得ることが非常に長く、それらを取ることはありませんでした。彼らは本当に靴下を必要としなかったが、これらは販売されていた、あまりにも、彼らはいくつかのペアを購入することを決めた。

Don had to get some shirts and Bob wanted to get a sweater. While Don went to the shirt department, Bob went to buy his sweater. It only took Don a few minutes to select his shirts, and then he went to the sweater department to meet his friend. ドンは、いくつかのシャツを取得しなければならなかったとボブはセーターを取得したい。ドンがシャツ部門に行ってきましたが、ボブは彼のセーターを買いに行きました。それだけで彼のシャツを選択するドン数分を取って、それから彼は彼の友人を満たすためにセーターの部署に行ってきました。

Bob tried on every sweater in his size, but none of them looked good on him. The salesman said that he would have some more sweaters in a few days, and Bob said he would come back then. ボブは彼のサイズにすべてのセーターにしようとしたが、それらのどれも彼に良く見えません。セールスマンは、彼が数日でいくつかのより多くのセーターを持っていると述べた、とボブは、彼はその後戻ってくるだろうと述べた。

The boys intended to go to the movies before going home. But after they paid for all their new clothes, they had only enough money to ride home on the bus. 男の子は家に帰る前に、映画を見に行くことを目的。彼らはすべての彼らの新しい服のために支払った後、しかし、彼らはバスで自宅に乗るためだけに十分なお金を持っていた。

Questions

1. Why did Bob and Don need new clothes?

2. What did the salesman do?

3. Why did they buy two pairs of pants?

4. What else did Bob and Don buy?

5. Why didn’t Bob buy a sweater?

6. What did the boys want to do before going home?

7. How much money did they have after they paid for all the clothes?

Conversation

SANDRA: Let’s go into this shoe store, Olive. I need some shoes to match my new dress. OLIVE: That’s a good idea. I’m so tired from shopping that I’ll be glad to sit down, but I don’t need any shoes. SALESMAN: Good afternoon ladies. May I help you? SANDRA: I hope so. I’m interested in seeing a pair of shoes to match my new red dress. SALESMAN: Do you want high heels or low heels? SANDRA: Low heels are more comfortable, but I think I should wear high heels with that dress. SALESMAN: Let me measure your foot. Fine. Here are several different styles in your size. Try these on. They’re on sale today. SANDRA: They fit perfectly, but they aren’t exactly what I want. I don’t see any that I really like. Thanks anyway. OLIVE: Just a minute. Let me try on that pair. They’re very comfortable. I’ll buy them. SANDRA: I thought you didn’t need new shoes. OLIVE: I don’t. But I never can resist a sale.

Word List

acre (= 0.4646 hectares)

bill

can

carpet

cents

change

cheaply

clerk

convertible

cotton

crackers

dollar

dress

electric

even

furniture

gallon

gasoline

gift

groceries

hair oil

iron

jar

land

leather

manager

meat

merchandise

nylon

pair

per

pickle

potato

price

quality

refund

sack

saleslady

salesman

secondhand

sedan sedan

shaving cream

shoes

silk

soap

socks

square yard

station wagon

stockings

suit

supplies

toilet articles

toothpaste

total

tube

used

waiter

waitress

wallet

wool

Verb Forms

add up, added up

bring back, brought back

charge, charged

cost, cost

exchange, exchanged

find, found

fit, fit

give back, gave back, given back

owe, owed

pay, paid membayar

pick out, picked out

return, returned

select, selected

shop, shopped

try on, tried on

wear, wore, worn

Expressions

be interested in

be made of

can afford, can’t afford

come to

go shopping

on sale

Supplementary Word List

(Conversation and Reading Practice)

also

high heels

low heels

resist

styles

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